文章摘要
王一凡,王志丹,王琳.学前儿童基于重量和声音进行因果推理的发展研究[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(6):98-104
学前儿童基于重量和声音进行因果推理的发展研究
The Development Research on PreschoolChildren Using Weight and Sound in Causal Reasoning Tasks
投稿时间:2020-03-05  修订日期:2020-03-11
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2020.06.015
中文关键词: 重量  声音  内在属性  因果推理  抑制控制
英文关键词: weight  voice  intrinsic properties  causal reasoning  inhibitory control
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学基金(18YJC190024)
作者单位
王一凡,王志丹,王琳 (江苏师范大学教育科学学院江苏徐州221116) 
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中文摘要:
      儿童的推理能力历来都是考察儿童认知发展的重点。本研究探讨了在多种属性刺激下3~5岁儿童基于重量和声音进行 因果推理的表现。结果发现:4岁和5岁儿童选择正确目标物的准确率显著高于3岁儿童;和同时使用声音与重量判断目标物相 比,儿童在单独使用重量或声音的情况下更容易区分目标物。总之,儿童因果推理能力发展的关键期在4岁并且当任务难度较高 的情况下其因果机制极易受到干扰。
英文摘要:
      Children’s reasoning ability has always been the focus of children’s cognitive development. This study explored the performance of children aged 3-5 in causal-reasoning by using weight and sound when stimulated by a variety ofproperties. The results showed that the accuracy of choosing the correct target of children aged 4 and 5 wassignificantly higher than that of children aged 3. Compared with using both sound and weight to judge objects, children were more likely to distinguish target objects when using weight or sound alone.In con⁃ clusion, the critical period of children’s causal reasoning development is 4 years old and the causal mechanism can be quite easily interfered when the task is difficult.
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