文章摘要
乔慧,黄瑾,莫嘉韫.基于扎根理论的师幼关系影响因素研究[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2021,37(1):33-40
基于扎根理论的师幼关系影响因素研究
Research on Influencing Factors of Teacher-Child Relationship Based onGrounded Theory
投稿时间:2020-10-20  修订日期:2020-11-24
DOI:10. 11995/j. issn. 2095-770X. 2021. 01. 005
中文关键词: 关键词:师幼关系;影响因素;扎根理论
英文关键词: Keywords: teacher-child relationship; influencing factors; grounded theory
基金项目:基金项目:2019 年北京师范大学中国基础教育质量监测协同创新中心自主课题(BJZK-2019A3-19013)
作者单位
乔慧,黄瑾,莫嘉韫 (1. 华东师范大学教育学部,上海200062;2. 昆山开发区夏驾幼儿园,江苏苏州215300) 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:为努力发展以质量为导向的学前教育,在以《中共中央国务院关于学前教育深化改革规范发展的若干意见》引领与指 导下,未来学前教育质量的提升与发展应着力于关注保教过程,建立良好师幼关系。本研究基于扎根理论方法,通过对15 位 幼儿教师的访谈,得出师幼关系在幼儿园环境因素(人际环境、物质环境、情感环境)、教师因素(行为态度、个人修养、专业能 力)、幼儿因素(能力差异、气质类型)和家庭因素(家长态度、家长行为、家园合作)的作用下不断建立与发展,并构建了师幼关 系影响因素模型。提出以下结论与启示:关注人际情感环境,提升幼儿园环境质量;重视教师修养与专业能力,提供针对性教 师培训;加强家园沟通工作,促进多方理解与合作。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: In order to develop quality-oriented preschool education,under the guidance of the“Several Opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on the Deepening Reform and Regulating Development of Preschool Education”,the improvement and development of future preschool education quality should focus on the teaching process and establish a good teacher-child relation⁃ ship. This research is based on grounded theory. Through interviews with 15 preschool teachers,it is concluded that teacher-child rela⁃ tionship is established and constantly developed in environmental factors(interpersonal environment,material environment,emotion⁃ al environment),teacher factors(behavioral attitude,personal accomplishment,professional ability),preschool factors(competence differences,temperament type)and family factors(parental attitudes,parental behavior,family-kindergarten cooperation),based on which a model of influencing factors of teacher-child relationship is constructed. Finally,following conclusions and enlightenment are put forward: paying attention to the interpersonal emotional environment,improving the quality of kindergarten environment; pay⁃ ing attention to teachers’cultivation and professional ability,providing targeted teacher training; strengthening family-kingdergaren communication,promoting mutual understanding and cooperation among different parties.
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