文章摘要
孙志国.3-6岁儿童自我控制现状及教育干预研究——以山东省德州市直机关幼儿园课题实施为例[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(9):74-82
3-6岁儿童自我控制现状及教育干预研究——以山东省德州市直机关幼儿园课题实施为例
The Study on Self-Control Status and Educational Intervention of 3-6-year-old Children— Taking the Project of Dezhou Municipal Kindergarten as an Example
投稿时间:2020-06-22  修订日期:2020-06-29
DOI:doi: 10. 11995/j. issn. 2095-770X. 2020. 09. 011
中文关键词: 关键词:自我控制;教育干预;游戏
英文关键词: Keywords:self-control; educational intervention; games
基金项目:
作者单位
孙志国 山东省德州市直机关幼儿园,山东德州 253000 
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中文摘要:
      摘 要:自我控制能力发展的关键期是4岁左右,此时期幼儿行为发展还处于初步阶段,能够较为容易地进行干预教育。合理的引导和教育,会使那些自我控制行为较差的幼儿得到有效改善,进而达到促进幼儿自我控制能力发展的目的。在幼儿园开展“3-6岁儿童自我控制现状及教育干预研究”意义重大。促进幼儿自控能力发展的建议:注重对幼儿日常行为的观察和关键期的培养,以及幼儿良好习惯的培养;教给幼儿提高自我延迟满足的具体策略;鼓励幼儿参加规则性的情境活动和角色游戏;家长要发挥自身榜样力量等。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The age of 4 is a critical period for the development of children’s self-control ability and the initial stage of children’s behavior development.When teachers properly guide and educationally intervene children, those children of poor self-control behavior will be effectively improved,which can promote the development of children’s self-control ability. It is a great significance for kindergartens to carry out the research on self-control status and educational intervention of 3-6-year-old children. Some suggestions are provided to cultivate children’s self-control ability.Teachers should pay much attention to observingchildren’s daily behavior and developing children from good habits in this critical period, teach children specific strategies for improving self-imposed delay of gratification and encourage them to participate in situational activities and role plays. The parents should also be the good examples.
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