文章摘要
张重阳,王静梅.变化与统合:动力系统思维下的儿童道德动机与发展[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(8):24-32
变化与统合:动力系统思维下的儿童道德动机与发展
Change and Integration: Dynamic Systems Approach to Early Moral Motivation andDevelopment
投稿时间:2020-05-14  修订日期:2020-06-02
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2020.08.004
中文关键词: 动力系统;道德动机;道德发展;学前儿童道德教育
英文关键词: dynamic systems; moral motivation; moral development; early childhood moral education
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作者单位
张重阳,王静梅 (浙江师范大学杭州幼儿师范学院,浙江杭州310012) 
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中文摘要:
      Kaplan 将道德动机的“实时”过程与道德发展的“长时”进程嵌套,以单维时间尺度统贯道德判断与行为得以产生背后 的多重知、情要素。从非线性系统论的动力系统方法出发,强调洞悉道德发展的关键在于理解道德动机过程的复杂性与动态 性、自组织与自调节机制,以及个体化与非线性的特征。这一思维方法在抛却简单线性、分离静态的道德发展观的同时,也为 更细致地理解道德发展与学前儿童道德教育贡献了其应有价值。
英文摘要:
      Kaplan integrates the multiple cognitive and emotional elements behind the generation of moral judgment and action on a single-dimensional time scale which nests the “real-time” process of moral motivation and the“long-term”process of moral development. From the dynamic systems approach, the key to understanding moral development lies in understanding the features of moral motivation processes: complexity, dynamics, mechanisms of self-organization and self-regulation, individualization and non-linearity. This way of thinking helps to understand moral development from a more micro perspective and provides some inspiration for moral education in early childhood while abandoning the simple, linear and static moral development view.
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