文章摘要
钟桂英,刘 馨.婴幼儿托育机构教师指导家长的现状分析[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(7):54-60
婴幼儿托育机构教师指导家长的现状分析
Analysis of Parental Guidance of Teachers in Infants and Toddlers Care Service Institutions
投稿时间:2020-03-20  修订日期:2020-03-27
DOI:doi: 10. 11995/j. issn. 2095-770X. 2020. 07. 009
中文关键词: 关键词:婴幼儿托育机构;托育机构教师;指导家长
英文关键词: Key words: infants and toddlers care institutions; teachers in infants and toddlers care institutions; parental guidance
基金项目:
作者单位
钟桂英 龙岩学院师范教育学院,福建龙岩,364012; 
刘 馨 北京师范大学教育学部,北京,100875 
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中文摘要:
      摘 要:本研究采用观察法和访谈法对7所婴幼儿托育机构的39名托育教师指导家长的现状进行调查,结果表明:托育教师有较高的指导家长意识,但指导过程缺乏反思;面对面个别指导是最主要且最有效的指导家长方式,集体指导更便捷,但指导效果较差,存在“形式化”现象,过程缺乏连续性;指导内容以培养婴幼儿生活习惯与生活能力方面为主,婴幼儿游戏方面的指导还有待提高;托育教师指导家长现状主要受其专业能力水平、职前培养与职后培训情况、托育机构制定的教研活动和评价体系所影响。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: 39 teachers of infants and toddlers care institutions are selected for observation and interview. The results show that: Teachers have strong sense of providing parental guidance, but lacks reflection after the guiding process. 2. Facetoface communication is the most important and effective way for teachers to guide parents. Group guidance is more convenient, but the effect is poor and group guidance is characterized by formalization, and the process lacks continuity. 3.Teachers’ guidance focuses on how to develop infants and toddlers’ living habits and skills, but ignores guidance about playing. 4.Parental guidance is mainly affected by teachers’ professional competence, pre-service training, post-service training and teaching and research activities and evaluation systems formulated by the infants and toddlers care service institution.
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