文章摘要
韩睿,金芳.不同美术教学法对中班幼儿创造性思维影响的实验研究[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2019,35(9):70-74
不同美术教学法对中班幼儿创造性思维影响的实验研究
An Experimental Study on the Influence of Different Art Teaching Methods on Children's Creative Thinking in Middle Class of Kindergarten
投稿时间:2019-04-18  修订日期:2019-05-28
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2019.09.014
中文关键词: 幼儿美术教育;创造性思维;直观教学法;模式化教学法
英文关键词: art education; creative thinking; visual teaching method; model teaching method
基金项目:辽宁省教育厅高等学校基础科研项目(WQN201707)
作者单位
韩睿 (沈阳师范大学教育硕士研究生院,辽宁沈阳110034) 
金芳 (沈阳师范大学教育硕士研究生院,辽宁沈阳110034) 
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中文摘要:
      幼儿园美术活动作为幼儿艺术培养的重要途径,在发展幼儿想象力与创造性思维领域发挥着至关重要的作用。但作为幼儿园美术教学中常用的两种教学方法——直观教学法与模式化教学法,究竟哪一种方法在培养幼儿创造性思维方面更胜一筹尚且未知。笔者以38名中班儿童为研究对象,经过研究得出:直观教学法对于幼儿创造性思维中流畅性、独创性、标题抽象性、沉思性四方面的培养效果显著高于模式化教学法。但在精致性培养方面,直观教学法与模式化教学法并无显著差异。
英文摘要:
      As an important way to cultivate children's artistic accomplishment, kindergarten's artistic activities play a key role in the development of children's imagination and creative thinking. However, there are two commonly used methods in art classes in kindergarten which are visual teaching method and model teaching method, and it is still unknown which one is better. This study took 38 middle-class children as research object and they were randomly divided into two classes which adopted two teaching methods mentioned above respectively. The Toulance Creative thinking Test-drawing Test was used to evaluate the creative thinking ability of the children. And with the help of SPSS21.0 statistical software, dimension level test,was used for pre-test and post-test comparative analysis. After a three-month experiment, the following conclusions are drawn: both visual teaching method and model teaching method can improve the development of children's creative thinking: visual teaching method is much better than model teaching method in terms of fluency, originality and title abstractness in the creative thinking of young children. But in the aspect of precision training, there is no significant difference between the two teaching method.
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