文章摘要
梁运峰.职前幼儿教师生理健康影响因素及其对策[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2019,35(1):116-120
职前幼儿教师生理健康影响因素及其对策
Study on Factors Affecting Physical Health of Pre-service Kindergarten Teachers and Related Countermeasures
投稿时间:2018-06-11  修订日期:2018-07-26
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2019.01.023
中文关键词: 职前幼儿教师;生理健康;BMI;体脂率;肥胖
英文关键词: pre-service preschool teachers; physical health; BMI; body fat rate; obesity
基金项目:
作者单位
梁运峰 (运城幼儿师范高等专科学校,山西运城 044000) 
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中文摘要:
      本研究主要采取测量研究和调查研究相结合的方式进行。在幼师高校随机抽取某系二年级女学生200名为研究样本,用体脂秤集中测量其体重、水分、脂量、BMI、基础代谢率、体年龄、肌肉率、骨量、体脂率等生理指标,同时发放运动量记录表、餐饮状况记录表采集数据。研究发现,体重是影响个体健康的重要因素,与BMI显著正相关,但与体脂率相关性较低,而且BMI与体脂率对样本肥胖群体的描述不一致。以“体重”升降为“肥胖”判断标准的观念会误导女生的运动及饮食习惯,体脂率对职前幼儿教师的健康状况解释更为有效。树立科学的“肥胖观”、“饮食观”和“运动观”,有利于职前幼儿教师健康素养的提升和体质的改善。
英文摘要:
      This study mainly has the combination of measurement research and survey research. A random sample of 200 undergraduate female students in grade two of preschool education major were sampled randomly. The body weight, water, fat, BMI, basal metabolic rate, body age, muscle rate, bone mass and body fat rate were measured with body fat scale. The study finds that weight is an important factor affecting the health of the individual, and it is significantly positively correlated with BMI. But it has a low correlation with the body fat rate, and the description of BMI and body fat rate is not consistent with the obese population. The concept of "weight" as a "obesity" criterion will mislead girls' exercise and dietary habits, and body fat rates are more effective in explaining the health of preschool teachers. Setting up a scientific concept of "obesity", "eating concept" and "sports concept" will help to improve the health literacy of pre-school kindergarten teachers and improve their physical fitness.
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