文章摘要
陈友庆,于慧.幼儿对绘本中文字的记忆效果——来自眼动研究的证据[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(11):63-68
幼儿对绘本中文字的记忆效果——来自眼动研究的证据
Children’s Memory Effect of Words in Picture Books: Evidence from Eye Movements
投稿时间:2020-07-23  
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2020.11.009
中文关键词: 幼儿  阅读  文字突显  眼动
英文关键词: preschool children  reading  highlighted text  eye movements
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(12JJD190003);合肥幼儿师范高等专科学校委托项目(1064-818003016)
作者单位
陈友庆,于慧 (1. 河海大学公共管理学院江苏南京 2100982. 合肥幼儿师范高等专科学校学前系安徽合肥 230011 3. 南京市琅琊路小学威尼斯水城分校江苏南京 210043) 
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中文摘要:
      为了探讨幼儿关注到的绘本中的文字是否对其有潜在影响,利用眼动仪并结合传统研究方法开展实验,在实验中让幼儿对绘本中出现的文字进行再认并记录和分析相应的眼动指标。结果如下:(1)眼动数据显示,179名幼儿被试中有146人(占比81.6%)对图片中出现的文字进行了关注;幼儿对思维泡泡中的文字兴趣区的注视次数显著多于无思维泡泡;大班幼儿对文字兴趣区的首次注视时间显著短于中班幼儿。(2)幼儿对思维泡泡形式呈现的文字再认成绩显著好于无思维泡泡形式;关注到文字的146名幼儿中有95人(占比65.10%)能够正确地再认图片中出现的文字;不同性别、不同年级幼儿的再认成绩没有显著差异。本研究表明,幼儿在阅读知识类绘本时会关注到文字,并对这些关注到的字有一定的记忆。
英文摘要:
      In order to explore whether the text in the picture book that children pay attention to has potential effects on them, the eye tracker is used in combination with traditional research methods to carry out experiments. In the experiment, children were allowed to recognize the text in the picture book and the corresponding eye movement indicators were recorded and analyzed. The results are as follows: (1)The eye movement data shows that 146 of the 179 infants (81.6%)paid attention to the text appearing in the picture; the children paid more attention to the text interest area in the thought bubble than those without bubbles; the first attention time of children in senior class to the text interest area is significantly shorter than that of children in middle class.(2)Children’s recognition of text in the form of thought bubbles is significantly better than that without bubbles; 95 of the 146 children who paid attention to text (65.10%)were able to correctly recognize what appeared in the picture; there is no significant difference in recognition performance among children of different genders and different grades. This research shows that children pay attention to words when reading information picture books and have a certain memory of these words.
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