文章摘要
时 健,张京鱼.认知语言学视角下拟人与隐喻的比较[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2016,32(11):35-38
认知语言学视角下拟人与隐喻的比较
A Comparison between Personification and Metaphor under the View of Cognitive Linguistics
投稿时间:2016-06-27  
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2016.11.009
中文关键词: 隐喻;拟人;源域;靶域;映射;融合;转喻人
英文关键词: metaphor;personification;source domain;target domain;mapping;integration;metonymic person
基金项目:西安科技大学哲学社科项目(2012SY10);国家社会科学基金项目(14YBB091)
作者单位
时 健 1.西安外国语大学外国语言学及应用语言学研究中心, 陕西西安 710128
 
张京鱼 2.西安科技大学人文与外国语学院,陕西西安 710054 
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中文摘要:
      认知语言学通常把拟人视作最典型的本体(实体)隐喻,称为拟人隐喻,从而认为隐喻和拟人都是基于体验性和相似性的源域向靶域的映射。在认同隐喻和拟人都是不同概念间跨域联结的心智模式基础上,本文提出:隐喻是喻体(源域)向本体(靶域)的静态映射,本体、喻体在字面上兼具;而拟人是将本体融合在拟体中,非人本体被活化在拟体人中,并不显现,源域中拟人之体代其行事,从而得出结论:拟人是基于“转喻人”的隐喻。
英文摘要:
      Cognitive Linguistics,viewing personification as the most typical ontological metaphor,namely personal metaphor,maintains metaphor and personal metaphor are the mappings from source domain to the target domain based on embodiment and similarity. While identifying that,the paper proposes: metaphor is the static mapping with tenor and vehicle literally. Personification,however,integrates tenor into vehicle,nonhuman tenor being activated and blended into human vehicle which takes the place of tenor to do something. Hence the conclusion: personification is the metaphor with the basis of “metonymic person”.
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