文章摘要
孙健.长时工作记忆的模块优化机制——基于理想认知模型的分析[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2016,32(8):10-15
长时工作记忆的模块优化机制——基于理想认知模型的分析
The Optimizationof Mechanism Module of the Long-term Working Memory——Based on the Analysis of Ideal Cognitive Model
投稿时间:2015-11-22  修订日期:2016-03-06
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2016.08.003
中文关键词: 记忆术;长时工作记忆;理想认知模型;组块
英文关键词: mnemonics; long-term working memory; ideal cognitive model; chunk
基金项目:
作者单位
孙健 西安交通大学,陕西西安〓710048 
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中文摘要:
      记忆术是在新异信息与固有信息间强制建立一种人为意义联系的记忆策略。记忆术之所以能够有效提升记忆品质,是因为它能帮助构建稳定的理想认知模型,而理想化认知模型可被用作完整的记忆组块被个体提取到工作记忆中。组块中处于个体意识中央的那部分信息作为提取线索,将组块内的其它信息牵引到长时工作记忆中,这一方面增强了信息的可得性,另一方面还有效克服了短时工作记忆的容量限制。总之,记忆术通过理想认知模型优化了长时工作记忆,从而改善了记忆效率,提升了记忆品质。
英文摘要:
      Mnemonics are memory strategies that establish a meaningful contact between the new and the inherent information. Mnemonics can effectively improve the quality of memory because they can help to construct an ICM (ideal cognitive model) which is stable and serves as a chunk that is easily recalled to the working-memory storage. The parts of a chunk in consciousness serve as a recalling clue and pull the other parts into the long-term working memory so as to effectively break the capacity of short-term working memory. In one sentence, mnemonics optimize the long-term working memory by establishing an ICM, so as to improve individual’s memory efficiency and enhance the quality of memory.
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