文章摘要
康丹,李佳佳,郭炀炀,唐醇,唐顺玲,曾婷,杨嘉蔚,蔡术.农村学前留守儿童与非留守儿童入学成熟水平及其影响因素分析[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2021,37(1):54-63
农村学前留守儿童与非留守儿童入学成熟水平及其影响因素分析
A Comparison of School Preparation Level between Left-behind Children andNon-left-behind Children in Rural Areas and Its Influencing Factors
投稿时间:2020-10-30  修订日期:2020-11-28
DOI:10. 11995/j. issn. 2095-770X. 2021. 01. 008
中文关键词: 关键词:留守儿童;非留守儿童;入学成熟水平
英文关键词: Key words: left-behind children; non-left-behind children; school maturity level
基金项目:基金项目:湖南省社科成果评审委员会一般项目(XSP18YBZ036))
作者单位
康丹,李佳佳,郭炀炀,唐醇,唐顺玲,曾婷,杨嘉蔚,蔡术 (湖南师范大学教育科学学院,湖南长沙410081) 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:基于湖南安仁、澧县、安平276 名农村留守儿童和非留守儿童的调查数据,对湖南农村地区留守儿童的入学成熟水平 进行考察,深入探究农村地区留守儿童与非留守儿童入学成熟水平的现状及差异,并结合父母文化程度、父母职业及家庭经济 状况等对农村儿童入学成熟水平的影响因素进行分析。主要发现:1)农村留守儿童和非留守儿童入学成熟水平之间差异显 著;2)相比于留守儿童,父母文化程度对非留守儿童入学成熟水平的影响更显著;3)相比于非留守儿童,家庭经济水平对留守 儿童入学成熟水平的影响更显著;4)留守时间和个人因素对留守儿童入学成熟水平有显著影响。主要建议:家庭应创造支持 留守儿童入学成熟水平发展的环境;幼儿园应全面关注留守儿童入学准备教育;政府应在留守儿童入学准备教育上发挥引领 与指导作用;建立政府、幼儿园、家庭三位一体的帮扶机制。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Based on the data collected from 276 rural left-behind and non-left-behind children in AnRen,Li County and Anping in Hunan province,this study first probes into the school maturity level of left-behind children in rural areas in Hunan province,then makes in-depth exploration on the current situation and differences between left-behind and non-left-behind children in their school maturity level,and at last,analyzes influencing factors of rural children’s school maturity level in combination with parents’educa⁃ tional level,occupations and family economic status. The results have showed that: 1)there is a significant difference between the school maturity level of rural left-behind children and non-left-behind children; 2)compared with left-behind children,parents’ed⁃ ucational level has a more significant impact on the school maturity level of non-left-behind children; 3)compared with non-left-be⁃ hind children,family economic level has a more significant impact on the school maturity level of left-behind children; and 4)the length of time being left-behind and personal factors have a significant impact on the school maturity level of left-behind children. Therefore,this study suggests that families should create a supporting environment to encourage the development of left-behind chil⁃ dren’s school maturity level; kindergartens should pay attention to the education of school preparation of left-behind children; the gov⁃ ■儿童学习与发展 陕西学前师范学院学报Journal of Shaanxi Xueqian Normal University 2021年1月 第37卷第1期 January 2021 Vol.37 No.1 收稿日期:2020-10-30;修回日期:2020-11-28 基金项目:湖南省社科成果评审委员会一般项目(XSP18YBZ036) 作者简介:康丹,女,湖南醴陵人,博士,湖南师范大学教育科学学院副教授,主要研究方向:学前教育理论。 总37 卷康丹,李佳佳,郭炀炀,等:农村学前留守儿童与非留守儿童入学成熟水平及其影响因素分析 ernment should play a leading and guiding role in the education of left-behind children; and governments,kindergartens and families should establish a trinity supporting mechanism for the benefit of the left-behind children in rural areas..
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