文章摘要
严晓雨,张吕瑾.我国城镇居民生育意愿及其影响因素研究——基于近10 年文献的调查分析[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2021,37(1):9-17
我国城镇居民生育意愿及其影响因素研究——基于近10 年文献的调查分析
The Study on the Fertility Intention and Its Influencing Factors ofUrban Residents in China——Observation and Analysis based on the Literature of the Past 10 Years
投稿时间:2020-10-30  修订日期:2020-11-13
DOI:10. 11995/j. issn. 2095-770X. 2021. 01. 002
中文关键词: 关键词:二孩政策;生育意愿;生育行为
英文关键词: Key words:two-child policy; fertility intention; reproductive behavior
基金项目:基金项目:安徽省社科规划项目(AHSKF2018D36)、安徽省社会科学创新发展研究课题(2018CX021)
作者单位
严晓雨,张吕瑾 (安徽建筑大学城市管理研究中心,安徽合肥230601) 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:近年来国家逐渐放宽生育政策以应对中国人口生育率下降等问题,但政策的实施未能达到预期的效果。生育意愿作为 生育行为的影响因素而备受重视。通过对国内自2010年以来有关生育意愿的文献回顾发现,我国居民的生育意愿子女数近年 来呈降低后趋于平稳的态势,意愿生育时间逐渐推迟,动机日渐多元化,部分子女性别偏好表现为儿女双全和无所谓的双峰态 势。生育意愿受多重因素影响,经济因素尤其重要。基于综述以期在新的政策背景下展望未来,深入了解人们的生育意愿。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:Over recent years,China has gradually relaxed its family plan policies to deal with the decline in the fertility rate of the Chi⁃ nese population. However,the implementation of these policies has failed to achieve its desired results. As a factor which influences birth behaviors,the willingness of giving births has been paid much attention. This paper did a literature review of such willingness in China since 2010 and it finds that the number of Chinese residents who want to give birth of children has stabilized over recent years af⁃ ter initial declining. And the intended having birth time has been gradually postponed. While the motivations of having birth have in⁃ creasingly diversified. For gender preference,there is a double-summit tendency: i.e.,having both a daughter and a son in one fami⁃ ly,or having no special preference. This paper noticed that willingness of giving births has been affected by multiple factors,especial⁃ ly economic factors. The study gains a deeper understanding of Chinese people's birth willingness based on a summary of the past re⁃ searches and an outlook into the future with background of Chinese new policies.
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