文章摘要
陈 翠,凌晓俊,郑渊全.儿童编程工具发展历程、特征及对未来教育路向的影响[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(9):68-73
儿童编程工具发展历程、特征及对未来教育路向的影响
The Development Course and Characteristics of Programming Tools for Children and Its Influence on Future Education Direction
投稿时间:2020-05-23  修订日期:2020-06-03
DOI:doi: 10. 11995/j. issn. 2095-770X. 2020. 09. 010
中文关键词: 关键词:儿童编程工具;发展历程;特征;教育路向
英文关键词: Keywords:programming tools for children; development course; characteristics; education direction
基金项目:基金项目:吉林省教育厅“十三五”社会科学项目(JJKH20180796SK)
作者单位
陈 翠 苏州科技大学教育学院,江苏苏州215000; 
凌晓俊 吉林师范大学教育科学学院,吉林四平136000, 
郑渊全 台湾清华大学竹师教育学院,台湾新竹300141 
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中文摘要:
      摘 要:从1960年代LOGO的诞生开始,儿童编程经历了准备期、发展期、实施期、停滞期、复兴期五个时期的发展。总体特征是从复杂语法到简单语法、从抽象系统到可视化系统、从文本编程到非文本编程、从软件编程到物理编程。编程工具的不断发展和完善,让儿童学习编程成为可能。随着数字化社会的到来,编程教育将逐渐成为儿童教育中不可或缺的一部分,并将向下延伸到小学和幼儿园,其教育路向很可能朝学校化、普及化、低龄化发展。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:Since the birth of the LOGO in the 1960s, children’s programming has experienced five stages of development: preparation period, development period, implementation period, stagnation period and revival period. The overall features range from complex syntax to simple syntax, from abstract systems to visual systems, from text programming to non-text programming, from software programming to physical programming. The development and perfection of programming tools make it possible for children to learn programming. With the advent of the digital society, programming will gradually become an indispensable part of children's education. Programming education will be extended down to primary schools and kindergartens, and the path of programming education is likely to be school-based, popularized and developed at a younger age.
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