文章摘要
张文芳.俄罗斯学前教育主要特征及对我国的启示[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(8):1-7
俄罗斯学前教育主要特征及对我国的启示
The Main Characteristics and Enlightenment of Russian Preschool Education
投稿时间:2020-05-03  修订日期:2020-05-11
DOI:10. 11995/j. issn. 2095-770X. 2020. 08. 001
中文关键词: 俄罗斯;学前教育;特征;启示
英文关键词: Russia; preschool education; characteristics; enlightenment
基金项目:陕西省教育厅2018 年度学前教育专项课题重大项目(ZDKT1804)
作者单位
张文芳 (陕西师范大学幼儿园,陕西西安710119)国外学前 
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中文摘要:
      :俄罗斯素来有重视学前教育的传统。近年来,俄罗斯以教育立法形式保障学前教育发展,不断加大对学前教育的支 持,宏观上关注教育公平,提高学前儿童入园率,关注弱势群体发展;微观上大力推行教育教学改革,强调幼儿个性化学习,培 养幼儿爱国主义精神等。对我国而言,应积极汲取俄罗斯学前教育发展的有益经验,加快学前教育立法进程,增加对学前教育 的投入,提高管理水平,关注幼儿核心素养培育和爱国主义教育,推进小班化教学、个性化学习,关注学前阶段的特殊教育。在 坚持幼儿园普惠性发展的同时不断提高学前教育质量,促进学前教育公平,满足人民对高质量学前教育的需要。
英文摘要:
      Preschool education is highlyvalued all the time in Russia. In recent years, Russian government has provided increasing support for preschool education. In order to guarantee the development of preschool education, education legislation has been enacted. On the one hand, they pay attention to education equity, increase the rate of preschool children’s enrollment and focus on the development of vulnerable groups. On the other hand, they make great efforts to carry out education and teaching reform, emphasize children’s individualized learning and train children’s patriotism. For China, we should absorb the beneficial experience from Russian preschool education development positively, accelerating the legislative process of preschool education, and strengthening the investment and improve the management. It is also important to pay attention to children’s keycompetencies and patriotism education, promote small-sized class teaching and individualized learning, and focus on the special education in the preschool stage. While keeping the inclusive development of kindergartens, we should improve the preschool education quality, facilitate the preschool education equity and satisfy people’s needs of high-quality preschool education constantly.
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