文章摘要
索长清,高一波.丽莲•凯兹关于幼儿“学习倾向”的论述及启示[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(7):79-83
丽莲•凯兹关于幼儿“学习倾向”的论述及启示
Lilian Katz’s Statement on Children’s “Learning Disposition”and Its Enlightenment
投稿时间:2020-03-16  修订日期:2020-03-26
DOI:doi: 10. 11995/j. issn. 2095-770X. 2020. 07. 013
中文关键词: 关键词:学习倾向;学习品质;儿童发展;入学准备
英文关键词: Key Words: learning disposition; learning quality; children’s development; school preparation
基金项目:国家社会科学基金教育学青年课题(CHA160213)
作者单位
索长清 沈阳师范大学学前与初等教育学院,辽宁沈阳 110034; 
高一波 空军通信士官学校,辽宁大连 116600 
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中文摘要:
      摘 要:近年来,国际学前教育对幼儿学习品质的意义已取得共识,继而纷纷将其纳入3-6岁儿童入学准备的重要领域以及儿童早期学习与发展的标准框架之中。通过追溯研究发现,早在20世纪80年代中期,美国学前教育学者丽莲•凯兹就提出“学习倾向”的相关观点,之后在美国国家层面得以延承和发展,并为其他国家参考和借鉴。丽莲•凯兹关于“学习倾向”的论述建立在关于儿童“发展”本质与“学习”的理解之上,认为学习倾向是有意识的“心智习惯”,积极学习倾向应成为幼儿园课程目标之一,幼儿学习倾向的发展需要适当引导。丽莲•凯兹关于“学习倾向”的论述对当前幼儿学习品质的理解及培养依旧有着重要的启发意义。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: In recent years, there has been consensus on the significance of international preschool education for children’s learning quality, and they have been included in the important field of 3-6 year-old children’s school preparation and the standard framework of early childhood learning and development. Through retrospective research, it is found that as early as the mid-1980s, the American preschool education scholar Lillian Katz put forward the relevant exposition of “learning disposition”, which was then extended and developed at the national level in the United States, and used it as a reference and alternative for other countries. Lillian Katz’s statement on “learning disposition” is based on the understanding of the nature of children’s “development” and “learning”, and she believes that learning disposition is a conscious “habits of mind”. She also thinks that active learning disposition should be one of the objectives of kindergarten curriculum, and the development of children’s learning disposition needs proper guidance. Lillian Katz’s statement on “learning disposition” is still of enlightening significance to the current understanding and cultivation of children’s learning quality.
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