文章摘要
付文中.儿童自然缺失症的现状及成因——基于河南省X市的实证分析[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(5):20-25
儿童自然缺失症的现状及成因——基于河南省X市的实证分析
On the Present Situation and the Causes of Children’s Nature-deficit Disorder— Based on Empirical Analysis of X City in Henan Province
投稿时间:2019-12-12  修订日期:2019-12-30
DOI:doi: 10. 11995/j. issn. 2095-770X. 2020. 05. 004
中文关键词: 关键词:儿童;自然;自然缺失症
英文关键词: Key words: children; nature; nature-deficit disorder
基金项目:河南省教育科学“十二五”规划课题(〔2015〕-JKGHYB-0642);共青团河南省委专项调研课题(QSNYJ2017050);河南省社科联调研课题(SKL-2017-550)
作者单位
付文中 郑州航空工业管理学院外国语学院,河南郑州 450046 
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中文摘要:
      摘 要:当今儿童日益疏远自然,以致于患了自然缺失症。河南省X市存在儿童自然缺失症的问题,如儿童户外/自然体验的时间锐减,儿童形成久坐的生活方式,儿童户外/自然体验的积极性不高,儿童博物学知识匮乏,各方对“自然缺失症”知之甚少等。儿童自然缺失症的原因是多方面的,如科技产品吸引儿童待在室内,各类恐惧症人群的到来,学校教育模式欠科学,社区和公园规划欠科学,家庭时间安排不合理,自然环境面积锐减,与“自然缺失症”相关的政策缺失等。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Nowadays, children are increasingly alienated from nature and thus suffer from nature-deficit disorder. In X city of Henan Province, there exist some problems concerning children’s nature-deficit disorder, such as the sharp decrease of the time spent on outdoor/ nature experiences, children’s formation of sedentary life style, children’s low enthusiasm about outdoor/ nature experiences, children’s lack of knowledge of natural sciences, and the lack of knowledge of nature-deficit disorder among all parties. There are many reasons for children’s nature-deficit disorder, such as technology products attracting children to stay indoors, the arrival of people with different kinds of phobias, the unscientific school education mode, the unscientific planning of community and park, the unreasonable family time arrangement, the sharp decrease of natural environment areas, and the lack of relevant policies on nature-deficit disorder, etc.
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