文章摘要
曾凡梅,郭铁成,刘忠义.幼儿心理健康评定量表(CMHA-80)的编制及信效度检验[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(5):13-19
幼儿心理健康评定量表(CMHA-80)的编制及信效度检验
A Study on the Establishment, Reliability and Validity Test of Child Mental Health Assessment Scale (CMHA-80)
投稿时间:2020-02-01  修订日期:2020-02-21
DOI:doi: 10. 11995/j. issn. 2095-770X. 2020. 05. 003
中文关键词: 关键词:幼儿心理健康;量表;CMHA-80;信度;效度
英文关键词: Key words: child mental health, assessment scale, CMHA-80, reliability, validity.
基金项目:湖南省教育科学“十三五”规划一般资助课题(XJK016BXL003)
作者单位
曾凡梅 湖南幼儿师范高等专科学校小学教育学院,湖南常德 415000 
郭铁成 湖南幼儿师范高等专科学校科研处,湖南常德 415000 
刘忠义 常德市教育科学研究院,湖南常德 415000 
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中文摘要:
      摘 要:幼儿心理健康评定量表(CMHA-80)由注意力、认知、情绪情感、意志力、自我意识、性格、人际关系、社会行为、适应性、其它10个内容量表和1个效度量表构成,共80个项目。该量表家长测评内部一致性信度0.948,教师测评内部一致性信度0.968,信度高。家长测评各分量表与量表总分之间的相关系数为0.272-0.826;教师测评各分量表与量表总分之间的相关系数为0.357-0.880,且都存在显著相关,结构效度良好。量表评定结果与现场访谈问卷结果,在幼儿心理健康总体水平(较好)、有心理健康问题倾向的幼儿比例(约8%左右)上高度吻合,具有良好的校标效度。因此《幼儿心理健康评定量表(CMHA-80)》具有良好的信效度,符合测量学的指标。适用于3-6岁的幼儿心理健康相关研究的工具,具有幼儿心理健康水平测评、心理健康问题筛查和心理辅导效果评估等功能,并且能够引导幼儿园和学前教育机构进行幼儿的心理健康教育活动。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The child mental health assessment scale (CMHA-80) has following contents: Attention, Cognition, Emotion, Willpower, Self-awareness, Personality, Interpersonal Relationship, Social Behavior, Adaptability, ten other content scales and one validity scale, with a total of 80 items. In a test of parents, the Internal Consistency Reliability of this scale is 0.948. In a test of teachers, the Internal Consistency reliability of this scale is 0.968, which meets the measurement index. The correlation coefficient between each subscale and the total score of the scale is 0.272-0.826 in the parents evaluation test, and the correlation coefficient between each subscale and the total score of the scale is 0.357-0.880 in the teachers evaluation test, and there is a significant correlation between these two tests, which meets the Content validity of the measurement index. Parents and teachers’ evaluation showed that children's mental health status was good. The results of the scale assessment and the results of the interview questionnaires on the scale are highly consistent with the overall level of children's mental health (better) and the proportion of children with a tendency to mental health problems (about 8%), which confirmed the accuracy and the Calibration Validity of the scale. Therefore the CMHA-80 scale has good reliability and validity. The tool is suitable for the research of mental health of 3-6-year-old children. It has the functions of evaluation of children's mental health level, screening of mental health problems and evaluation of psychological counseling effect. It can also help to give kindergartens and preschool education institutions guidance to practise children's mental health education activities.
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