文章摘要
王丽娟,刘思妤.基于OBE理念的学前教育专业课程改革思路与实现路径 ——以“教学活动设计类课程”为例[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(2):1-7
基于OBE理念的学前教育专业课程改革思路与实现路径 ——以“教学活动设计类课程”为例
Thoughts and Realization Paths of the Curriculum Reform of Preschool Education Major in Colleges and Universities Based on the Concept of OBE ——Taking “Design of Teaching Activities” as an Example
投稿时间:2019-11-21  
DOI:10. 11995/j. issn. 2095-770X. 2020. 02. 001
中文关键词: 学前教育专业;教学活动计划与实施;课程改革
英文关键词: preschool education major; planning and implementation of teaching activities; curriculum reform
基金项目:兰州城市学院校级教改项目
作者单位
王丽娟 兰州城市学院幼儿师范学院,甘肃兰州 730020 
刘思妤 兰州城市学院幼儿师范学院,甘肃兰州 730020 
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中文摘要:
      “产出导向”是专业认证的要求,是OBE的核心理念,更是学前教育专业课程改革的基本依据,领域教学活动设计类课程开展存在的问题是相关课程联系不足,支撑不够,合力不强;课程目标混沌,核心不清,内核不明;课程内容重复,知识交叉,联系不足;课程方式单一,讲授为主、实践过少。改革思路为锁定学生能力,确定课程目标;明确课程联系,突出课程重点;精选课程内容,实施模块教学;课程成果展示,变革评价方式。实现路径为理论+实践,夯实学生专业知识储备;教师+名师,协同提高学生专业能力;模仿+反思,倡导学生专业学习体验;学校+基地,建设学生实践学习基地;展示+比赛,促进学生提高专业能力。
英文摘要:
      “Output-orientation” is the requirement of professional certification, the core concept of OBE and the base for the curriculum reform of pre-school education major. The problems existing in the course development of the design of teaching activities in the field are that the relevant courses are not connected, the support is not enough, and the resultant force is not strong; the objectives of the course are chaotic, the core is unclear, and the kernel is unknown; the course content is repetitive, the knowledge is overlapping, the connection is insufficient; the course mode is single, mainly lectured and seldom practiced. Some ideas of reform are to lock students’ ability and determine the course objectives; clarify course connection and highlight the key points; select course contents and implement module teaching; display course results and change evaluation methods. The realization paths are as following:theory + practice, to consolidate students’ professional knowledge reserve; teachers + famous teachers, to improve students’ professional ability; imitation + reflection, to advocate students’ professional learning experience; school + base, to build students’ practical learning base; display + competition, to improve students’ professional ability.
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