文章摘要
廖军和,黄胜梅.农村幼儿教师工作压力对离职意向的作用机制分析[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2019,35(12):69-73
农村幼儿教师工作压力对离职意向的作用机制分析
An Analysis of the Mechanism of Work Pressure on Turnover Intention of Rural Kindergarten Teachers
投稿时间:2019-07-22  修订日期:2019-09-08
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2019.12.013
中文关键词: 离职意向;工作压力;组织承诺;心理资本
英文关键词: turnover intention; work pressure; organizational commitment; psychological capital
基金项目:安徽省哲学社会科学规划项目(AHSKY2015D146);安徽省哲学社会科学规划项目(AHSKQ2016D46)
作者单位
廖军和 (淮南师范学院教育学院, 安徽淮南 232038) 
黄胜梅 (淮南师范学院教育学院, 安徽淮南 232038) 
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中文摘要:
      本研究采用压力知觉量表、组织承诺量表、心理资本量表、离职意向量表对328名农村幼儿教师进行测量,以探讨农村幼儿教师工作压力对离职意向的作用机制。结果发现,压力知觉与组织承诺、心理资本呈显著负相关,与离职意向呈显著正相关;组织承诺与心理资本呈显著正相关,与离职意向呈显著负相关;心理资本与离职意向呈显著负相关。组织承诺在压力知觉与离职意向之间发挥着完全中介作用,而这一中介效应受到心理资本的调节。即组织承诺的中介效应发生在心理资本水平较低的教师中,而在心理资本较高的教师中这一中介效应并不显著。最后,本研究从如何降低工作压力、提高组织承诺、开发心理资本三个方面分别提出了减少农村幼儿教师离职意向的具体建议。
英文摘要:
      By surveying 328 rural kindergarten teachers with Perceived Stress Scale, Organizational Commitment Scale, Psychological Capital Scale, Turnover Intention Scale, this study explores mechanism of work pressure on turnover intention of rural kindergarten teachers. The results show that job stress is negatively correlated with organizational commitment and psychological capital, positively correlated with turnover intention; organizational commitment is positively correlated with psychological capital, negatively correlated with turnover intention; psychological capital is negatively correlated with turnover intention. Organizational commitment plays a full mediating role between pressure perception and turnover intention, which is regulated by psychological capital. That is to say, the mediating effect of organizational commitment occurs in teachers with low level of psychological capital, while it is not significant in teachers with high level of psychological capital. Finally, this study puts forward some specific suggestions to reduce the turnover intention of rural kindergarten teachers from three aspects: reducing work pressure, improving organizational commitment, and developing psychological capital.
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