文章摘要
吴海龙,王振宏.边缘儿童个案研究及教育干预[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2019,35(12):51-55
边缘儿童个案研究及教育干预
The Case Study and Educational Intervention of Marginalized Children
投稿时间:2019-06-05  修订日期:2019-09-04
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2019.12.010
中文关键词: 边缘儿童;个案研究;教育干预
英文关键词: marginalized children; case study; educational intervention
基金项目:
作者单位
吴海龙 临夏现代职业学院,甘肃临夏 731800 
王振宏 阜阳师范大学教育学院,安徽阜阳 236037 
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中文摘要:
      边缘儿童往往表现为心理焦虑,行为偏差、交往不畅、游离群体等心理症状或行为问题。他们是有特殊需要的一类儿童,但其在正常教育机构中的特殊需要并未得到满足,生存现状不容乐观,这需要教师和家长针对边缘儿童问题给予及时关注和心理干预。本文通过个案观察法和访谈法分析边缘儿童成因,并在此基础上提出通过心智化教育减缓边缘儿童边缘化倾向;通过沙盘游戏减轻边缘儿童焦虑情绪和交往不畅;通过涂鸦游戏减少边缘儿童行为问题,以期为家长和教师提供教育借鉴。
英文摘要:
      Children at the margins are often manifested as psychological anxiety, behavioral deviations, poor communication, free group and other psychological symptoms or behavioral problems. They are a group of children with special needs, but their special needs have not been met in normal educational institutions, and the current status of life is not optimistic. This requires teachers and parents to give timely attention and psychological intervention to the problem of marginalized children. This paper analyzes the causes of marginalized children through case study and interviews, and proposes to reduce the marginalization tendency of marginalized children through mental education; to reduce the anxiety and poor communication of marginalized children through sandbox games; to reduce the behavioral problems of marginalized children through graffiti games, so as to provide educational reference for parents and teachers.
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