文章摘要
杨慧慧,张 莉.大班幼儿谦让行为的发展现状与培养策略[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2019,35(12):27-33
大班幼儿谦让行为的发展现状与培养策略
Development Status and Training Strategies of Senior Kindergarten Children’s Modesty Behavior
投稿时间:2019-08-28  修订日期:2019-09-08
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2019.12.006
中文关键词: 大班幼儿;谦让行为;特征;影响因素
英文关键词: senior kindergarten children; modesty behavior; characteristics; influential factors
基金项目:
作者单位
杨慧慧 1.丽水学院职业技术学院,浙江丽水 323000 
张 莉 2.华中师范大学教育学院,湖北武汉 430079 
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中文摘要:
      谦让行为是幼儿的亲社会行为之一,是促进幼儿与他人良好互动的重要途径。研究者选取了武汉市某一幼儿园大班幼儿为研究对象,利用观察法与访谈法,重点考察了大班幼儿谦让行为数量、谦让者性别、谦让对象、谦让行为动机、谦让行为主题内容、表现方式等,进一步整理分析发现大班幼儿的谦让行为呈现如下特点:幼儿谦让行为的动机以非功利型为主;幼儿谦让行为的主题内容以玩具谦让为主;由女孩发起的谦让明显多于由男孩发起的谦让;幼儿谦让行为主要发生在关系较为亲密的同性同伴之间;幼儿谦让行为表现方式以非言语型为主。影响幼儿谦让行为的因素主要有幼儿自身因素、活动因素、教师因素。据此,研究者提出促进幼儿谦让行为发展的相关建议。
英文摘要:
      Modesty behavior is one of the prosocial behaviors of children and an important way to promote their good interaction with others. The researchers selected a kindergarten in Wuhan as the research object and used observation and interview methods to focus on the number, the gender, the objects, the motivations, the content and the way of expression of modesty behaviors in a senior kindergarten class, etc. Through further analysis, the researchers found that senior kindergarten children’s modesty behavior has the following characteristics. The motivation of children’s modesty behavior is mainly non-utilitarian. The content is mainly shown in the process of playing the toys. The modesty behaviors initiated by girls are significantly more than the boy-initiated behaviors. The behavior mainly occurs between the same-sex peers in relatively close relationship and the expression of the behavior is mainly non-verbal. The influential factors of children’s modesty behavior mainly include children’s own factor, activity factor and teacher factor. Based on these findings, the researchers proposed relevant suggestions to promote the development of children’s modesty behavior.
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