文章摘要
沈颖.教育现象学对儿童研究的启示[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2019,35(9):39-43
教育现象学对儿童研究的启示
Enlightenment of Phenomenological Pedagogy on Children Study
投稿时间:2019-05-01  修订日期:2019-05-27
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2019.09.008
中文关键词: 教育研究;反思;体验;生命
英文关键词: education study; reflection; experience; life
基金项目:江苏省教育厅高校哲学社会科学研究项目(2015SJB744);江苏省哲学社会科学研究项目(17JYC008);江苏省教育哲学规划课题(D/2016/01/109);江苏省高校哲学社会科学重点研究基地“江苏农村教育发展研究中心”中期成果。
作者单位
沈颖 (1.四川师范大学教育科学学院,四川成都6100066;2.盐城师范学院教育科学学院,江苏盐城224003) 
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中文摘要:
      用现象学的精神、理论和方法去研究教育问题,将会形成教育现象学的独特方法论特征:首先,教育研究包含了理性客观和人文情怀兼备的哲学态度;其次,教育研究回归教育“实事”可以拓宽研究视野;最后,教育研究扎根于生命体验可以延展研究深度。教育现象学的方法论特征对当前儿童研究的主要启示:保有敏感和好奇之心,挖掘儿童成长中的隐秘之意;抛开成人的先入之见,深刻理解儿童的内心世界;探寻动态变化背后的意义生成,构建良好的互动关系;回归儿童的亲身体验,开展“接地气”的儿童研究。
英文摘要:
      The unique methodological characteristics of phenomenological pedagogy feature the study of educational problem with the spirit, theory and method of phenomenology. Firstly, phenomenological pedagogy endows education research with philosophical attitude of rationality, objectivity and humanistic feelings. Secondly, it requires education research to return to “practical” matters, so as to broaden the research field. Finally, it highlights the entrenchment of life experience, so as to extends the research depth. Therefore, the methodological characteristics of phenomenological pedagogy also provide certain enlightenment on the current research of early childhood education. First, researchers should be sensitive and curious as to children's inner world and try to explore the hidden meaning of children's growth. Secondly, they should put aside their preconceived ideas and understand the inner world of children profoundly. Thirdly, they should try to explore the generation of meaning behind the dynamic changes and build a good interactive relationship with children. Finally, researchers should return to children's experience and bring children's research down to earth.
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