文章摘要
马君莉,郑红涛.大学生手机成瘾与特质焦虑、手机使用动机的关系[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2019,35(3):82-85
大学生手机成瘾与特质焦虑、手机使用动机的关系
The Relationship between College Students’ Mobile Phone Addiction,Trait Anxiety and Motivation of Mobile Phone Use
投稿时间:2018-08-29  修订日期:2018-10-08
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2019.03.016
中文关键词: 手机成瘾;特质焦虑;手机使用动机;大学生
英文关键词: mobile phone addiction; trait anxiety; motivation of mobile phone use; college students
基金项目:长江大学社科基金项目(2015csy017)
作者单位
马君莉 1.湖北荆州长江大学文理学院,湖北荆州 434023 
郑红涛 2.湖北荆州长江大学教育学院,湖北荆州 434023 
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中文摘要:
      目的:探讨大学生手机成瘾与特质焦虑、使用动机的关系,为应对大学生手机成瘾,合理使用手机提供参考。 方法:采用手机成瘾量表、特质焦虑量表和手机使用动机量表,对分层随机抽取的湖北省三所高校的800名被试进行测试。 结果:8.4%的大学生手机成瘾检出率。手机成瘾与特质焦虑显著正相关(r=0.46,P<0.01),并且特质焦虑对手机成瘾有正向预测功能(F=63.13,P<0.001)。利用结构方程模型建构三者的关系成立(RMSEA<0.08,IFI,CFI,GFI,NNFI均高于0.9),路径图显示,手机使用的娱乐动机在特质焦虑和手机成瘾的关系中起部分中介作用。 结论:部分大学生存在着手机成瘾,特质焦虑是诱发手机成瘾的重要原因,手机使用的娱乐动机在二者间起部分中介作用。
英文摘要:
      To investigate the relationship between mobile phone addiction and trait anxiety and motivation of using mobile phone among college students,so as to provide reference to cope with the problem. 800 students from 4 colleges in Hubei Province were randomly selected as the research subjects. The subjects are studied with Mobile Phone Addiction Scale,STAI-Form YⅡ and Mobile Phone Addiction Motive Scale. Results show 8.4% of College Students’ were found to addict to mobile phone. Phone addiction is positively correlated with trait anxiety (r=0.46,P<0.01),and trait anxiety could predict mobile phone addiction (F=63.13,P<0.001). The structural equation model method is adopted to test the hypothetical model(RMSEA<0.08,IFI,CFI,GFI,NNFI>0.9. It shows that entertainment motivation of mobile phone use partially mediates the effects of relationship of trait anxiety and mobile phone addiction. It concludes that some college students are addicted to mobile phones,trait anxiety is an important cause of cell phone addiction,and the entertainment motivation of mobile phone use partially mediates the effects of relationship of trait anxiety and mobile phone addiction.
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