文章摘要
黄程佳,曾艳.幼儿园教师的儿童行为观察素养:构成、现状与影响因素[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(11):82-93
幼儿园教师的儿童行为观察素养:构成、现状与影响因素
Children’s Behavior Observation Literacy of Kindergarten Teachers: Constitution, Current Situation and Influencing Factors
投稿时间:2020-08-25  
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2020.11.012
中文关键词: 幼儿园教师  幼儿  观察能力  专业素养  行为观察
英文关键词: kindergarten teachers  young children  observation ability  professionalism  behavior observation
基金项目:教育部规划建设发展中心“未来学校(幼儿教育)”专题研究项目(CSDP18FC4202);重庆市高等教育教学改革研 究项目(193258)
作者单位
黄程佳,曾艳 (重庆第二师范学院重庆 400065) 
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中文摘要:
      幼儿园教师的儿童行为观察素养是其专业素养的重要组成部分,也是考察其专业水平的重要指标。通过对15位幼儿园教师的半结构式访谈和6位专家的三轮筛选评估,笔者编制了《幼儿园教师的儿童行为观察素养调查问卷》,然后通过对重庆市793名幼儿园教师进行调查,检验发现问卷的信效度均达到了测量学的要求。研究结果显示:幼儿园教师的儿童行为观察素养由观察意识、观察知识和观察能力三个维度构成;幼儿园教师对自身的儿童行为观察素养评价较高,其中观察意识水平显著高于观察知识与观察能力;幼儿园教师的儿童行为观察素养及各个维度在教龄、学历、幼儿园性质和等级等背景变量上存在显著差异。建议通过完善职前培养和职后培训体系,开展反思性实践和构建专业共同体,营造良好观察环境与氛围等途径,全面提升幼儿园教师的儿童行为观察素养。
英文摘要:
      Kindergarten teachers’ observation literacy of children’s behavior is an important part of their professional quality as well as an important indicator of their professional level. Through semi-structured interviews with 15 kindergarten teachers and three rounds of screening and evaluation by 6 experts, this study developed the questionnaire on kindergarten teachers’ observation literacy of children’s behavior, and then conducted a survey on 793 kindergarten teachers in Chongqing, and found that the reliability and validity of the questionnaire met the criteria of measurement. The results showed that: children’s behavior observation literacy of kindergarten teachers was composed of three dimensions: observation awareness, observation knowledge and observation ability; kindergarten teachers had high evaluation on their observation literacy, among which the observation consciousness level was significantly higher than the observation knowledge and observation ability; and kindergarten teachers’ observation literacy and its dimensions varied significantly in the background variables such as teaching age, education background, kindergarten nature and grade. It is suggested that by improving the pre-employment training and post-employment training system, carrying out reflective practice and building professional community, as well as creating a good observation environment and atmosphere, can the kindergarten teachers comprehensively improve their observation literacy of children’s behavior.
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