文章摘要
戴舒悦,张金荣.幼儿道德规则认知与行为的一致性研究[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2019,35(8):13-19
幼儿道德规则认知与行为的一致性研究
The Study on the Consistency of Children's Cognition of Moral Rules and Behavior
投稿时间:2019-04-11  修订日期:2019-05-05
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2019.08.003
中文关键词: 幼儿;道德规则认知;道德行为
英文关键词: pre-school children;cognition of moral rules;moral behavior
基金项目:教育部人文社科项目(16YJCZH146)
作者单位
戴舒悦 湖州师范学院教师教育学院,浙江湖州313000 
张金荣 湖州师范学院教师教育学院,浙江湖州313000 
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中文摘要:
      幼儿道德规则认知与行为是衡量幼儿社会性发展的重要指标。本研究选取湖州市两所幼儿园小、中、大班共180名幼儿为被试,采用故事访谈法和观察法相结合的方式对其道德规则认知与行为的一致性进行研究。研究发现:1.年龄、性别对幼儿道德规则认知水平影响显著,年龄越大幼儿的道德规则认知水平越高,女孩道德规则的认知水平高于男孩;2.年龄、性别对幼儿道德行为影响不显著;3.在总体上,幼儿道德规则认知得分显著低于行为得分,说明两者在幼儿阶段发展水平并不一致。而且在遵守情境下,在三个年龄段上均是道德规则认知得分显著低于行为得分;在违反情境下,道德规则认知得分高于行为得分,除小班差异不显著外,中大班差异均显著;男孩、女孩在遵守情境下,道德规则认知得分显著低于行为得分;在违反情境下,道德规则认知得分显著高于行为得分。
英文摘要:
      Children's cognition of moral rules and behavior are important indices to measure children's social development.In this study,a total of 180 children from two kindergartens in Huzhou were selected as subjects,and the consistency of their cognition of moral rules and behavior was studied by combining the methods of story interview and observation.The findings are as follows: 1.Age and gender have significant influence on children's cognition of moral rules.The older the children are,the higher cognition of moral rules is.And girls' cognition of moral rules is higher than boys'; 2.Age and gender have no significant influence on children's moral behavior; 3.On the whole,children's cognitive score of moral rules is significantly lower than behavioral score,which indicates that the two are not consistent at the early childhood stage.Moreover,in compliance situation,the cognitive scores of moral rules in the three age groups are significantly lower than the behavioral scores; In violation situation,the cognitive score of moral rules is higher than the score of behavior.The difference is insignificant in small classes,but significant in medium and large classes; In compliance situation,boy's and girl's cognition scores are significantly lower than behavioral scores; In violation situation,cognitive scores of moral rules are significantly higher than behavioral scores.
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