文章摘要
潘祺蓉,陶志琼.构建更加合理的幼儿奖励机制——以幼儿园“小红花”奖励制度为例[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2016,32(10):141-145
构建更加合理的幼儿奖励机制——以幼儿园“小红花”奖励制度为例
To Explore a More Reasonable Incentive Mechanism for Children—A Case Study of “Little Red Flower”
投稿时间:2016-05-20  修订日期:2016-08-26
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2016.10.031
中文关键词: 小红花;奖励制度;过度依赖
英文关键词: small red flowers;reward system;excessive dependence
基金项目:
作者单位
潘祺蓉 (宁波大学教师教育学院,浙江宁波315211) 
陶志琼 (宁波大学教师教育学院,浙江宁波315211) 
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中文摘要:
      评选小红花是幼儿园最常见的一项奖励制度,长期以来广泛应用于幼儿的学前教育,目的在于肯定、激励幼儿向善学习,强化幼儿正面行为,是幼儿各方面积极成长与进步的直观体现。小红花在幼儿园实践中,短期确实会使幼儿变得积极向上。然而,研究者在幼儿园实践过程中发现过度依赖小红花的奖励模式,对幼儿长期发展来说也具有很多不良影响。通过剖析小红花奖励制度的利与弊,在肯定小红花奖励制度的基础上,建议幼儿教育过程中不能“滥用”小红花,避免约束幼儿的求知、探索欲望。同时,积极探索更加有利于培养幼儿德智体全面成长的激励机制。
英文摘要:
      The best behavior reward of small red flowers is the most common reward system in kindergarten, which has been widely used in children’s pre-school education for a long time. It can stimulate the willingness of children’s learning ability, strengthen children’s positive behavior, children’s diligent growth and progress of visual expression. In kindergarten practice, small red flowers really make children become positive in the short term. However, researchers found that “small red flower” reward model for children’s long-term development is not effective, but will have a lot of bad effects. Through the analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the little red flower incentive system, this paper suggested that the early childhood education can not be “abused” with little red flowers. At the same time, the paper explored more incentive mechanism to encourage children’s all-round development.
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