文章摘要
张宏云.美术情境教育与幼儿创造力发展的实验研究[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2016,32(10):87-92
美术情境教育与幼儿创造力发展的实验研究
Experimental Study on Situational Art Teaching and the Development of Children’s Creativity
投稿时间:2016-05-02  修订日期:2016-06-17
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2016.10.020
中文关键词: 美术情境教育;儿童创造力;发展;实验
英文关键词: situational art teaching;children’s creativity; development
基金项目:国家社会科学基金教育学一般课题(BHA120051)
作者单位
张宏云 (江苏省南通市通州区通州幼儿园, 江苏南通226300) 
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中文摘要:
      创造力就是创新的能力。创造力对一个人,一个民族,乃至一个国家都有着举足轻重的作用。幼儿教育作为儿童接受教育的初级阶段,对儿童创造力的发展起着无可比拟的作用。诸多研究表明:幼儿的创造力主要是通过绘画、音乐、舞蹈、手工制作和游戏等活动表现出来,并在这些活动中不断发展。因此,在幼儿园深入开展美术教育,必能促进儿童创造力的发展。李吉林情境教育理论更关注情境的呈现,问题的开放,材料的适度,内容的选择,倡导让儿童在生动、趣味的情境中进行充分的表达、表现与创造。本文阐述了将李吉林老师情境教育的理论注入幼儿园常态的美术教育中,并探索出情境美术的有效路径和方法,提高幼儿的审美情趣和审美创造,保持儿童创造力的发展。
英文摘要:
      Creativity, the ability to create, is of great significance to an individual, anation and every a country. Childhood, as the primary stage of one’s education, plays an essential part in the development of one’s creativity. Researches show thatchildren’s creativity is displayed and promoted in the activities of painting, music, dance, DIY and games. Thus, art teaching practice will definitely contributes to the development of children’s creativity. Situational Teaching Method proposed by Prof. Li Jilin mainly focuses on the presentation of the situation, theopenness of the question and the choice of teaching contents. The theory suggests that children should be exposed to lively and interesting situations so that they can give full play of their ability of expression and creativity. This paper approaches the methods of applying the theory into the art teaching practice in kindergartens to improve children’s aesthetic ability and creativity and protect the development of their creativity in turn.
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