文章摘要
崔梦舒,张向葵.父、母亲学历及教养方式对学前儿童创造力的影响[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2016,32(7):46-49
父、母亲学历及教养方式对学前儿童创造力的影响
Parents’ Educational Background and Parenting Style on Preschoolers’ Creativity
投稿时间:2016-02-26  修订日期:2016-05-16
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2016.07.012
中文关键词: 学前儿童;创造力;教养方式
英文关键词: preschooler; creativity; parenting style
基金项目:吉林省教育科学“十二五”规划重点资助项目(ZZ1107)
作者单位
崔梦舒 东北师范大学心理学院,吉林长春130024 
张向葵 东北师范大学心理学院,吉林长春130024 
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中文摘要:
      父母作为孩子的第一任及终身教师,父母及家庭教养方式对子女发展的影响是众多研究者所关注的焦点。长期以来,父、母亲在家庭中的角色差异造成其学历和教养行为对儿童发展的作用也有所不同。通过对88名学前儿童实施创造性动作和活动测验,主要由母亲完成家庭基本信息和教养行为问卷,考察学前儿童创造力的发展趋势及父亲和母亲学历、教养行为对学前儿童创造力的影响及差异。结果发现:3-6岁儿童创造力呈U型发展,4岁是幼儿创造力的下降点;母亲的学历对学前儿童的创造力的独创性有正向影响;母亲的教养方式不影响学前儿童创造力的发展。
英文摘要:
      As the first and lifelong teachers of children, the influence of parents and their parenting style to children’s development has long been the focus of academic studies. Because father and mother play different roles in family, their educational background and parenting style may affect children differently. This paper is based on a research carried to test 88 children’s creativity actions and activities, with their mothers finishing the questionnaires on family information and parenting style. The research aims at the development tendency of preschoolers’ creativity and the influence and difference of parents’ educational background and parenting styles to preschoolers’ creativity. It concludes that the creativity of preschoolers between 3 and 6 changes with U pattern, and from the age of 4, children’s creativity begins to decline; mother’s educational background has a positive effect to preschoolers’ creativity and innovation; and the patenting style of mother doesn’t produce an obvious influence on preschoolers’ creativity.
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