文章摘要
鲁玉洁.P.2979号敦煌文书所反映的唐前期乡里组织[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2016,32(6):90-95
P.2979号敦煌文书所反映的唐前期乡里组织
Study on the Countryside Organization of the Early Tang Dynasty Based on Dunhuang MS: P.2979
投稿时间:2015-12-17  修订日期:2015-12-30
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2016.06.021
中文关键词: P.2979号敦煌文书;唐代前期;乡里组织
英文关键词: Dunhuang MS: P.2979; the early Tang Dynasty; countryside organization
基金项目:
作者单位
鲁玉洁 (陕西师范大学历史文化学院,陕西西安710119) 
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中文摘要:
      唐代前期,乡里组织作为县以上政权的辅助机构仍然发挥着重要作用,尤其在“上承下达”,直接管理农民,维护乡里社会的安定等方面。然囿于相关史料记载较少,很难考察其具体真实的情况。所幸敦煌文书的出土,弥补了这一遗憾。通过对P.2979号文书的研究,可以发现,唐代前期,乡里组织,尤其是里正,的确在乡里社会的管理中发挥重要作用,而且其与上级官吏、农民以及地方乡绅的关系也具有复杂性与矛盾性的一面。本文再度考察P.2979号敦煌文书,以此增进对其时乡里组织实际运行的认识。
英文摘要:
      In the early Tang Dynasty, the countryside organization as a subsidiary organ of the regime did play an important role, especially in delivering orders, controlling farmers directly and maintaining social stability in the villages. However, because of limited relevant historical records, it’s difficult to investigate the specific historical situation. Fortunately, the discovered Dunhuang documents offered detailed information. By studying the No.P.2979 Dunhuang documents, we know that the countryside organization indeed played an important role in the management of village society in the early Tang Dynasty. Also, its relationships between superior officials, farmers and local squire was quite complicated. This paper attempts to study the actual operation of the country organization in the early Tang Dynasty which based on No. P.2979 Dunhuang documents,and improve the understanding of local administration effectiveness.
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