文章摘要
方钢.明初陕西农业的恢复与发展[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2016,32(6):32-35
明初陕西农业的恢复与发展
The Recovery and Development of Agriculture in the Early Years of the Ming Dynasty in Shaanxi
投稿时间:2015-11-24  修订日期:2015-12-17
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2016.06.008
中文关键词: 明代;陕西;土地;水利;赋税
英文关键词: Ming dynasty;Shaanxi province;land;water conservancy;tax
基金项目:
作者单位
方钢 (陕西师范大学西北历史环境与经济社会发展研究院,陕西西安710062) 
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中文摘要:
      元末明初的战乱以及频繁的自然灾害给陕西的农业造成了巨大的破坏,大量土地荒芜,人口逃亡。明王朝在平定陕西后采取了一系列恢复经济、改善民生的措施,包括开垦土地、兴建水利、减免赋税和赈济灾民,还有明代初期政治清明与外部环境稳定,使得陕西地区的农业得到了一定程度的恢复与发展。
英文摘要:
      In the end of Yuan dynasty and the early of Ming dynasty, frequent wars and natural disasters have caused great damage to agriculture in Shaanxi province. Large areas of land were deserted and vast numbers of population fled from home. In order to restore the economy and improve people’s livelihood,after the pacification of Shaanxi,the Ming government took a series of economic recovery measures, including reclaiming land, constructing water conservancy,breaking taxes and relieving victims. In addition, the clear political rules and stable external environment in the early years of Ming dynasty helped the agriculture of Shaanxi gain a certain degree of recovery and development.
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