文章摘要
王彬,李春玲.模糊容忍思想应用到幼儿课堂教学与管理探析[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2016,32(4):121-123
模糊容忍思想应用到幼儿课堂教学与管理探析
Fuzzy Management and Its Application in the Management of Preschool Classroom Activities
投稿时间:2015-11-25  修订日期:2015-12-05
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2016.04.029
中文关键词: 模糊管理;幼儿教学管理;容忍;不确定性
英文关键词: ambiguous management; management of preschool classroom activities; tolerance; uncertainty
基金项目:2013年高校省级优秀青年人才基金重点项目(2013SQRW083ZD)
作者单位
王彬 (1.苏州大学,江苏苏州 215000;2.滁州学院教育科学学院,安徽滁州 239000) 
李春玲 (1.苏州大学,江苏苏州 215000;2.滁州学院教育科学学院,安徽滁州 239000) 
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中文摘要:
      随着人们认识世界逐步深入,确定性哲学观受到挑战,模糊性认识论日益受到青睐,并影响到管理活动的变革。模糊管理以人的全面发展为出发点和归宿点,模糊管理遵循人发展的规律,尊重人的主体地位,以包容性和权变性为特征。促进幼儿的全面发展,需要幼儿遵循幼儿发展规律,而模糊管理正切合这一需要。在课堂管理中实施模糊管理,教师需要相信并尊重幼儿主体地位,支持幼儿自由游戏,以平等中首席角色与幼儿对话与沟通,建立民主平等的师生关系。
英文摘要:
      With people’s increasingly deepened cognition to the world, deterministic philosophy is gradually challenged, and the epistemology of fuzziness is generally favored, which exerts influence on the reform of management activities. Taking human being’s all-round development as the focal point, fuzzy management follows the development of human being. With inclusivity and contingency as its major characteristics, it shows respect to man’s predominant position in management activities. Fuzzy management meets the need of all-round development of children, because it emphasizes to follow the natural development of people. When applying fuzzy management to classroom activity, students should be the orientation of the classroom activities, teachers are expected to encourage students’ free choice in gaming. Equal dialogue and communication between teachers and children are favored.
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