文章摘要
朱皓轩,胡凡.论洪武时期西南土司朝贡体制的形成[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2016,32(3):87-91
论洪武时期西南土司朝贡体制的形成
The study of the Tributary System of Southwestern Chieftains in China During Hongwu Period
投稿时间:2015-10-22  修订日期:2015-12-24
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2016.03.023
中文关键词: 洪武时期;西南土司;朝贡体制
英文关键词: the Hongwu Period; southwestern chieftains; the tributary system
基金项目:
作者单位
朱皓轩 黑龙江大学黑龙江流域文明研究中心,黑龙江哈尔滨150080 
胡凡 黑龙江大学黑龙江流域文明研究中心,黑龙江哈尔滨150080 
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中文摘要:
      朱元璋击败陈友谅其势力进入西南地区后,大量土司归降。为了处理与土司之间的关系,朱元璋在前代朝贡基础之上,创制了明代特色的朝贡体制,为以后历代皇帝所沿用。各个土司朝贡物品主要为马以及各地的特产,同时故元土司也会向明廷缴纳元代颁发的信物;明廷对朝贡土司的赏赐本着“厚往而薄来”的原则。明廷的措施较妥善地处理好了与西南诸土司的关系。本文通过对洪武时期明廷与西南土司朝贡的具体事宜进行探讨,包括朝贡管理的机构、具体朝贡记录以及朝贡展开的基础,以此解读洪武时期土司朝贡之盛况。
英文摘要:
      Large numbers of chieftains surrendered after Zhu Yuanzhang’s defeating Chen Youliang and intruding into the southwestern area.In order to well coordinate the relationships between chieftains, Zhu Yuanzhang established a special tributary system in Ming Dynasty, which is based on the former one and is carried forward by later empires.Chieftains paid tributes mainly including horses and special local products to the central government and they also had to pay the token released by the central government.The court in return granted a reward to the chieftains with the principle of “giving more and getting less.” In this way, the central government in Ming Dynasty handled properly the relationship with those southwestern chieftains.This essay aims to unscramble the grand occasion of chieftains paying tribute to the central government during Hongwu Period through a deeply study to the records of history, including the organization of the tributary, the detailed records of the tributary and the foundation from where the tributary derived.
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