文章摘要
孙崇勇.儿童元认知发展对推理能力的影响[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2016,32(1):69-74
儿童元认知发展对推理能力的影响
The Effect of Meta-cognition Development on Reasoning Ability of Children
投稿时间:2015-07-01  修订日期:2015-07-18
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2016.01.018
中文关键词: 儿童;元认知;推理能力;类比推理;演绎推理
英文关键词: children;meta-cognition;reasoning ability;analogical reasoning;deductive reasoning
基金项目:吉林省社会科学基金项目(2015JD4);吉林省教育厅“十二五”社会科学研究项目(2015152)
作者单位
孙崇勇 吉林师范大学教育科学学院
吉林师范大学心理研究所 
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中文摘要:
      儿童在早期就具有推理能力,但这种能力可能是推理的低级形式,随着年龄和相关知识的增长,儿童逐渐表现出推理能力的高级形式。儿童推理时需要借助于元认知功能,与表面相似性的类比推理相比,儿童在解决结构相似性的类比推理时更加依赖元认知功能;元认知能提高三段论与条件推理等各种演绎推理的效率。通过外在的、恰当的教育措施如元认知训练,可以提高儿童推理的效率与能力。
英文摘要:
      Children have reasoning ability at early stage of their life,but their ability is much of the lowest form of reasoning. With the growth of their age and relevant knowledge,the higher form of reasoning is found in children. Children need the aid of meta-cognition when they complete the tasks of reasoning. Compared with analogical reasoning based on superficial similarity,children depend greatly on the function of meta-cognition when they solve the problems of analogical reasoning based on structural similarity. In addition,meta-cognition can improve the efficiency of deductive reasoning in children,such as syllogism and conditional ones. Therefore,the efficiency and ability of Children’s reasoning can be increased by implementing some external and appropriate educational measures,for example,meta-cognition training.
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