文章摘要
蔡红梅,冯越晨.儿童延迟满足能力的影响因素研究及其教育启示[J].陕西学前师范学院学报,2020,36(8):60-66
儿童延迟满足能力的影响因素研究及其教育启示
A Study on the Influencing Factors of Children’s Delay of Gratification and ItsEnlightenment to Education
投稿时间:2020-04-23  修订日期:2020-05-27
DOI:10.11995/j.issn.2095-770X.2020.08.009
中文关键词: 延迟满足;儿童;认知因素;社会因素;教育启示
英文关键词: delayed gratification; children; cognitive factors; social factors; enlightenment education
基金项目:国家社科基金年度一般项目(18BMZ078)
作者单位
蔡红梅,冯越晨 (重庆师范大学教育科学学院,重庆401331) 
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中文摘要:
      延迟满足是一种着眼于未来目标的自我调节能力。儿童的延迟满足能力与其自我控制、认知发展、行为策略、同伴合作 等个性品质发展密切关联,并可以预测青春期和成年期的认知发展水平和社会适应功能以及未来成就。儿童延迟满足能力发展 主要受机体特征、认知因素和社会因素的影响。未来对儿童延迟满足能力的研究应多关注社会因素的影响作用,修正现有实验 研究的不足,促进研究成果应用于实践。
英文摘要:
      Delayed gratification is a self-regulating ability that focuses on future goals. Children’s delayed gratifica⁃ tion ability is closely related to the development of personality traits such as self-control, cognitive develop⁃ ment, behavioral strategies, and peer cooperation, and it can also predict various cognitive and social adjust⁃ ment functions and future achievements in adolescence and adulthood. The development of children’s delayed gratification ability is mainly affected by the individual’sphysical characteristics, cognitive factors and social fac⁃ tors. In the future, the cultivation of children’s delayed gratification ability should pay more attention to the influ⁃ ence of social factors in order to correct the deficiencies of existing experimental research and promote its ap⁃ plication in educational practice.
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